In 1962 at Independence, Kanungu District existed as one of the Counties of the former Kigezi (then called Kinkiizi County). In 1974, when Rukungiri District was created it became part of Rukungiri District.
In July 2001, it achieved district Status. The District is comprising of 13 sub-counties and 4 town councils; Kanungu, Kambuga, Botogota and Kihihi Town Councils with 59 Parishes / wards and 527villages. Administrative structure
KANUNGU DISTRICT ADMINISTRATIVE UNITS 2015
|SUB COUNTY||NUMBER OF PARISHES||NO VILLAGES|
The District follows a Local Governments System at different levels. These are LC V (District); LC IV (County); LC III (13 Sub – Counties); LC II / 16 wards); and Villages) and the role of the local governments is to implement and monitor government programmes at the respective levels. Council consists of 33 councillors representing different sub counties and special interest groups. The civil service is headed by the Chief Administrative Officer, under are Eleven Departments headed by Departmental heads.
Topography Kanungu district lies in the fringes of the western rift valley with the Northern part forms part of the Rift valley with undulating plains with the middle part (sub-counties of Rugyeyo, Kirima and parts of Kanyantorogo) comprising of flat toped hills with gentle sloping sides and broad valleys. These hills gradually increase in height to the highlands of Rutenga with Burimbi peak of Mafuga being the highest at
82222ft (2503m) above sea level with some parts of Kihihi Sub County lying in the fringes of the western Eastern African rift valley. Climate
The District has a tropical type of climate receiving moderate and fairly well distributed annual rainfall of about 1200m. The District receives a bimodal type of rainfall between the months of March – May and September – December.
The rest of the months are dry with temperatures ranging from 150c to 200c on average.