Kanungu is the administrative town of Kanungu district. The District is located in South-western Uganda between 290 50’E and 0045’S of the Equator, bordering the Districts of Rukungiri in the North and east, Kabale in southeast, Kisoro in the south and the Democratic Republic of Congo in the west. Its administrative headquarters are in Kanungu Town, about 450 km from Kampala the Capital City of Uganda
Size and population
Kanungu district has a population of 252,144 of which females are 131,714 (52.3%) and males 120,361 (47.7%) with the urban population of 51,694 (19.5%).
The average household size of 4.7 there are 56,056 households in Kanungu. The district contributes 0.7 % of the total population in the whole country. Over the years, the district population has increased from 118,658 in 1980 to 160,708 in 1991 and then 204,732 in 2002 to 252,144 in 2014. Average annual population growth rate has declined from 2.1% in 2002 to 1.73% in 2014 compared to the national growth rate of 3.1%. The population is unevenly distributed with Kayonza and Kambuga sub-counties having the largest share of the population accounting for 10.9 per cent and 8.7 per cent of the total district population respectively. the population density is 206 persons per Km2 compared to 167 persons per sq. km of land in 2002 year a reflection of population has growth
Climate and landscape
The District has a tropical type of climate receiving moderate and fairly well distributed annual rainfall of about 1200m. The district receives a bimodal type of rainfall between the months of March – May and September – December every year. The rest of the months are dry with temperatures ranging from 150c to 200c on average.
Kanungu district lies in the fringes of the western rift valley with the Northern part forms part of the Rift valley with undulating plains with the middle part (sub-counties of Rugyeyo, Kirima and parts of Kanyantorogo) comprising of flat toped hills with gentle sloping sides and broad valleys. These hills gradually increase in height to the highlands of Rutenga with Burimbi peak of Mafuga being the highest at 82,222ft. (2,503m) above sea level with some parts of Kihihi Sub-county lying in the fringes of the western Eastern African rift valley. Total area of the district is 1,228.28 sq. km, comprising 60percent small-scale farmland, 15 per cent high tropical forest, 11 per cent woodland, 9 per cent grassland, 2 per cent bush land, one per cent open water and 2 per cent miscellaneous mosaics. The vegetation ranges from the high tropical forests of Bwindi impenetrable national park to the grasslands of Queen National Heritage.